Floating-point Settings

Floating-point Settings#

To propagate CPU-specific settings for floating-point computations to tasks executed by the task scheduler, you can use one of the following two methods:

  • When a task_arena or a task scheduler for a given application thread is initialized, they capture the current floating-point settings of the thread.

  • The task_group_context class has a method to capture the current floating-point settings.

By default, worker threads use floating-point settings obtained during the initialization of a task_arena or the implicit arena of the application thread. The settings are applied to all computations within that task_arena or started by that application thread.

For better control over floating point behavior, a thread may capture the current settings in a task group context. Do it at context creation with a special flag passed to the constructor:

task_group_context ctx( task_group_context::isolated,
                    task_group_context::default_traits | task_group_context::fp_settings );

Or call the capture_fp_settings method:

 task_group_context ctx;

You can then pass the task group context to most parallel algorithms, including flow::graph, to ensure that all tasks related to this algorithm use the specified floating-point settings. It is possible to execute the parallel algorithms with different floating-point settings captured to separate contexts, even at the same time.

Floating-point settings captured to a task group context prevail over the settings captured during task scheduler initialization. It means, if a context is passed to a parallel algorithm, the floating-point settings captured to the context are used. Otherwise, if floating-point settings are not captured to the context, or a context is not explicitly specified, the settings captured during the task arena initialization are used.

In a nested call to a parallel algorithm that does not use the context of a task group with explicitly captured floating-point settings, the outer-level settings are used. If none of the outer-level contexts capture floating-point settings, the settings captured during task arena initialization are used.

It guarantees that:

  • Floating-point settings are applied to all tasks executed within a task arena, if they are captured:

    • To a task group context.

    • During the arena initialization.

  • A call to a oneTBB parallel algorithm does not change the floating-point settings of the calling thread, even if the algorithm uses different settings.


The guarantees above apply only to the following conditions:

  • A user code inside a task should:

    • Not change the floating-point settings.

    • Revert any modifications.

    • Restore previous settings before the end of the task.

  • oneTBB task scheduler observers are not used to set or modify floating point settings.

Otherwise, the stated guarantees are not valid and the behavior related to floating-point settings is undefined.