Specific API of oneDPL#

The oneDPL extensions include iterators, function objects, and parallel algorithms.

Function Objects#

The oneDPL function objects are defined in the <oneapi/dpl/functional> header, in namespace oneapi::dpl.

namespace oneapi {
namespace dpl {
    struct identity
    {
        template <typename T>
        constexpr T&&
        operator()(T&& t) const noexcept;
    };
}
}

The oneapi::dpl::identity class implements an identity operation. Its function operator receives an instance of a type and returns the argument unchanged.

Iterators#

The oneDPL iterators are defined in the <oneapi/dpl/iterator> header, in namespace oneapi::dpl.

template <typename Integral>
class counting_iterator
{
  public:
    using difference_type = /* a signed integer type of the same size as Integral */;
    using value_type = Integral;
    using reference = Integral;

    counting_iterator();
    explicit counting_iterator(Integral init);

    reference operator*() const;
    reference operator[](difference_type i) const;

    difference_type operator-(const counting_iterator& it) const;

    counting_iterator operator+(difference_type forward) const;
    counting_iterator operator-(difference_type backward) const;

    counting_iterator& operator+=(difference_type forward);
    counting_iterator& operator-=(difference_type backward);

    counting_iterator& operator++();
    counting_iterator& operator--();
    counting_iterator& operator++(int);
    counting_iterator& operator--(int);

    bool operator==(const counting_iterator& it) const;
    bool operator!=(const counting_iterator& it) const;
    bool operator<(const counting_iterator& it) const;
    bool operator>(const counting_iterator& it) const;
    bool operator<=(const counting_iterator& it) const;
    bool operator>=(const counting_iterator& it) const;
};

counting_iterator is a random access iterator-like type that represents an integer counter. When dereferenced, counting_iterator provides an Integral rvalue equal to the value of the counter; dereference operations cannot be used to modify the counter. The arithmetic and comparison operators of counting_iterator behave as if applied to the values of Integral type representing the counters of the iterator instances passed to the operators.

class discard_iterator
{
  public:
    using difference_type = std::ptrdiff_t;
    using value_type = /* unspecified */;
    using reference = /* unspecified */;

    discard_iterator();
    explicit discard_iterator(difference_type init);

    reference operator*() const;
    reference operator[](difference_type) const;

    difference_type operator-(const discard_iterator& it) const;

    discard_iterator operator+(difference_type forward) const;
    discard_iterator operator-(difference_type backward) const;

    discard_iterator& operator+=(difference_type forward);
    discard_iterator& operator-=(difference_type backward);

    discard_iterator& operator++();
    discard_iterator& operator--();
    discard_iterator operator++(int);
    discard_iterator operator--(int);

    bool operator==(const discard_iterator& it) const;
    bool operator!=(const discard_iterator& it) const;
    bool operator<(const discard_iterator& it) const;
    bool operator>(const discard_iterator& it) const;
};

discard_iterator is a random access iterator-like type that, when dereferenced, provides an lvalue that may be assigned an arbitrary value. The assignment has no effect on the discard_iterator instance; the write is discarded. The arithmetic and comparison operators of discard_iterator behave as if applied to integer counter values maintained by the iterator instances to determine their position relative to each other.

template <typename SourceIterator, typename IndexMap>
class permutation_iterator
{
  public:
    using difference_type =
        typename std::iterator_traits<SourceIterator>::difference_type;
    using value_type = typename std::iterator_traits<SourceIterator>::value_type;
    using pointer = typename std::iterator_traits<SourceIterator>::pointer;
    using reference = typename std::iterator_traits<SourceIterator>::reference;

    permutation_iterator(const SourceIterator& input1, const IndexMap& input2,
                         std::size_t index = 0);

    reference operator*() const;
    reference operator[](difference_type i) const;

    difference_type operator-(const permutation_iterator& it) const;

    permutation_iterator operator+(difference_type forward) const;
    permutation_iterator operator-(difference_type backward) const;

    permutation_iterator& operator+=(difference_type forward);
    permutation_iterator& operator-=(difference_type forward);

    permutation_iterator& operator++();
    permutation_iterator& operator--();
    permutation_iterator operator++(int);
    permutation_iterator operator--(int);

    bool operator==(const permutation_iterator& it) const;
    bool operator!=(const permutation_iterator& it) const;
    bool operator<(const permutation_iterator& it) const;
    bool operator>(const permutation_iterator& it) const;
    bool operator<=(const permutation_iterator& it) const;
    bool operator>=(const permutation_iterator& it) const;
};

permutation_iterator is a random access iterator-like type whose dereferenced value set is defined by the source iterator provided, and whose iteration order over the dereferenced value set is defined by either another iterator or a functor that maps the permutation_iterator index to the index of the source iterator. The arithmetic and comparison operators of permutation_iterator behave as if applied to integer counter values maintained by the iterator instances to determine their position in the index map.

permutation_iterator::operator* uses the counter value of the instance on which it is invoked to index into the index map. The corresponding value in the map is then used to index into the value set defined by the source iterator. The resulting lvalue is returned as the result of the operator.

permutation_iterator::operator[] uses the parameter i to index into the index map. The corresponding value in the map is then used to index into the value set defined by the source iterator. The resulting lvalue is returned as the result of the operator.

template <typename SourceIterator, typename IndexMap>
permutation_iterator<SourceIterator, IndexMap>
make_permutation_iterator(SourceIterator source, IndexMap map);

make_permutation_iterator constructs and returns an instance of permutation_iterator using the source iterator and index map provided.

template <typename Iterator, typename UnaryFunc>
class transform_iterator
{
  public:
    using difference_type = typename std::iterator_traits<Iterator>::difference_type;
    using reference = typename std::invoke_result<UnaryFunc,
                          typename std::iterator_traits<Iterator>::reference>::type;
    using value_type = typename std::remove_reference<reference>::type;
    using pointer = typename std::iterator_traits<Iterator>::pointer;

    transform_iterator(Iterator it, UnaryFunc unary_func);
    transform_iterator(const transform_iterator& input);
    transform_iterator& operator=(const transform_iterator& input);

    reference operator*() const;
    reference operator[](difference_type i) const;

    difference_type operator-(const transform_iterator& it) const

    transform_iterator operator+(difference_type forward) const;
    transform_iterator operator-(difference_type backward) const;

    transform_iterator& operator+=(difference_type forward);
    transform_iterator& operator-=(difference_type backward);

    transform_iterator& operator++();
    transform_iterator& operator--();
    transform_iterator operator++(int);
    transform_iterator operator--(int);

    bool operator==(const transform_iterator& it) const;
    bool operator!=(const transform_iterator& it) const;
    bool operator<(const transform_iterator& it) const;
    bool operator>(const transform_iterator& it) const;
    bool operator<=(const transform_iterator& it) const;
    bool operator>=(const transform_iterator& it) const;
};

transform_iterator is a random access iterator-like type whose dereferenced value set is defined by the unary function and source iterator provided. When dereferenced, transform_iterator provides the result of the unary function applied to the corresponding element of the source iterator; dereference operations cannot be used to modify the elements of the source iterator unless the unary function result includes a reference to the element. The arithmetic and comparison operators of transform_iterator behave as if applied to the source iterator itself.

template <typename UnaryFunc, typename Iterator>
transform_iterator<UnaryFunc, Iterator>
make_transform_iterator(Iterator, UnaryFunc);

make_transform_iterator constructs and returns an instance of transform_iterator using the source iterator and unary function object provided.

template <typename... Iterators>
class zip_iterator
{
  public:
    using difference_type = typename std::make_signed<std::size_t>::type;
    using value_type =
        std::tuple<typename std::iterator_traits<Iterators>::value_type...>;
    using reference = /* unspecified tuple of reference types */;
    using pointer =
        std::tuple<typename std::iterator_traits<Iterators>::pointer...>;

    zip_iterator();
    explicit zip_iterator(Iterators... args);
    zip_iterator(const zip_iterator& input);
    zip_iterator& operator=(const zip_iterator& input);

    reference operator*() const;
    reference operator[](difference_type i) const;

    difference_type operator-(const zip_iterator& it) const;
    zip_iterator operator-(difference_type backward) const;
    zip_iterator operator+(difference_type forward) const;

    zip_iterator& operator+=(difference_type forward);
    zip_iterator& operator-=(difference_type backward);

    zip_iterator& operator++();
    zip_iterator& operator--();
    zip_iterator operator++(int);
    zip_iterator operator--(int);

    bool operator==(const zip_iterator& it) const;
    bool operator!=(const zip_iterator& it) const;
    bool operator<(const zip_iterator& it) const;
    bool operator>(const zip_iterator& it) const;
    bool operator<=(const zip_iterator& it) const;
    bool operator>=(const zip_iterator& it) const;
};

zip_iterator is an iterator-like type defined over one or more iterators. When dereferenced, the value returned from zip_iterator is a tuple of the values returned by dereferencing the source iterators over which the zip_iterator is defined. The arithmetic operators of zip_iterator update the source iterators of a zip_iterator instance as though the operation were applied to each of these iterators.

template <typename... Iterators>
zip_iterator<Iterators...>
make_zip_iterator(Iterators...);

make_zip_iterator constructs and returns an instance of zip_iterator using the set of source iterators provided.

Parallel Algorithms#

The parallel algorithms are defined in the <oneapi/dpl/algorithm> header, in namespace oneapi::dpl.

template<typename Policy, typename InputKeyIt, typename InputValueIt,
    typename OutputValueIt,
    typename T = typename std::iterator_traits<InputValueIt>::value_type,
    typename BinaryPred =
        std::equal_to<typename std::iterator_traits<InputKeyIt>::value_type>,
    typename BinaryOp =
        std::plus<typename std::iterator_traits<InputValueIt>::value_type>>
OutputValueIt
exclusive_scan_by_segment(Policy&& policy, InputKeyIt keys_first,
    InputKeyIt keys_last, InputValueIt values_first, OutputValueIt values_result,
    T initial_value = 0,
    BinaryPred binary_pred =
        std::equal_to<typename std::iterator_traits<InputKeyIt>::value_type>(),
    BinaryOp binary_op =
        std::plus<typename std::iterator_traits<InputValueIt>::value_type>());

oneapi::dpl::exclusive_scan_by_segment performs partial prefix scans by applying the binary_op operation to a sequence of values. Each partial scan applies to a contiguous subsequence determined by the keys associated with the values being equal according to the binary_pred predicate, and the first element of each scan is the initial value provided. The return value is an iterator targeting the end of the result sequence.

The initial value used if one is not provided is an instance of the value_type of the InputValueIt iterator type initialized to 0. If no binary predicate is provided for the comparison of keys an instance of std::equal_to with the value_type of the InputKeyIt iterator type is used. Finally, an instance of std::plus with the value_type of the InputValueIt iterator type is used if no binary operator is provided to combine the elements of the value subsequences.

template<typename Policy, typename InputKeyIt, typename InputValueIt,
    typename OutputValueIt,
    typename BinaryPredcate =
        std::equal_to<typename std::iterator_traits<InputKeyIt>::value_type,
    typename BinaryOp =
        std::plus<typename std::iterator_traits<InputValueIt>::value_type>>
OutputValueIt
inclusive_scan_by_segment(Policy&& policy, InputKeyIt keys_first,
    InputKeyIt keys_last, InputValueIt values_first, OutputValueIt values_result
    BinaryPred binary_pred =
        std::equal_to<typename std::iterator_traits<InputKeyIt>::value_type>(),
    BinaryOp binary_op =
        std::plus<typename std::iterator_traits<InputValueIt>::value_type>());

oneapi::dpl::inclusive_scan_by_segment performs partial prefix scans by applying the binary_op operation to a sequence of values. Each partial scan applies to a contiguous subsequence determined by the keys associated with the values being equal according to the binary_pred predicate. The return value is an iterator targeting the end of the result sequence.

If no binary predicate is provided for the comparison of keys an instance of std::equal_to with the value_type of the InputKeyIt iterator type is used. An instance of std::plus with the value_type of the InputValueIt iterator type is used if no binary operator is provided to combine the elements of the value subsequences.

template<typename Policy, typename InputKeyIt, typename InputValueIt,
    typename OutputKeyIt, typename OutputValueIt,
    typename BinaryPredcate =
        std::equal_to<typename std::iterator_traits<InputKeyIt>::value_type,
    typename BinaryOp =
        std::plus<typename std::iterator_traits<InputValueIt>::value_type>>
std::pair<OutputKeyIt,OutputValueIt>
reduce_by_segment(Policy&& policy, InputKeyIt keys_first, InputKeyIt keys_last,
    InputValueIt values_first, OutputKeyIt keys_result,
    OutputValueIt values_result,
    BinaryPred binary_pred =
        std::equal_to<typename std::iterator_traits<InputKeyIt>::value_type>(),
    BinaryOp binary_op =
        std::plus<typename std::iterator_traits<InputValueIt>::value_type>());

oneapi::dpl::reduce_by_segment performs partial reductions on a sequence of values. Each reduction is computed with the binary_op operation for a contiguous subsequence of values determined by the associated keys being equal according to the binary_pred predicate. For each subsequence the first of the equal keys is stored into keys_result and the computed reduction is stored into values_result. The return value is a pair of iterators holding the end of the resulting sequences.

If no binary predicate is provided for the comparison of keys an instance of std::equal_to with the value_type of the InputKeyIt iterator type is used. An instance of std::plus with the value_type of the InputValueIt iterator type is used to combine the values in each subsequence identified if a binary operator is not provided.

template<typename Policy, typename InputIt1, typename InputIt2, typename OutputIt,
    typename Comparator =
        std::less<typename std::iterator_traits<InputIt>::value_type>>
OutputIt
binary_search(Policy&& policy, InputIt1 start, InputIt1 end,
    InputIt2 value_first, InputIt2 value_last, OutputIterator result,
    Comparator comp =
        std::less<typename std::iterator_traits<InputIt1>::value_type>());

oneapi::dpl::binary_search performs a binary search over the data in [start, end) for each value in [value_first, value_last). If the value exists in the data searched then the corresponding element in [result, result + distance(value_first, value_last)) is set to true, otherwise it is set to false.

If no comparator is provided, operator< is used to determine when the search value is less than an element in the range being searched.

The elements e of [start, end) must be partitioned with respect to the comparator used. For all elements e in [start, end) and a given search value v in [value_first, value_last) comp(e, v) implies !comp(v, e).

template<typename Policy, typename InputIt1, typename InputIt2, typename OutputIt,
    typename Comparator =
        std::less<typename std::iterator_traits<InputIt>::value_type>>
OutputIt
lower_bound(Policy&& policy, InputIt1 start, InputIt1 end,
    InputIt2 value_first, InputIt2 value_last, OutputIterator result,
    Comparator comp =
        std::less<typename std::iterator_traits<InputIt1>::value_type>());

oneapi::dpl::lower_bound performs a binary search over the data in [start, end) for each value in [value_first, value_last) to find the lowest index at which the search value could be inserted in [start, end) without violating the ordering defined by the comparator provided. That lowest index is then assigned to the corresponding element in [result, result + distance(value_first, value_last)).

If no comparator is provided, operator< is used to determine when the search value is less than an element in the range being searched.

The elements e of [start, end) must be partitioned with respect to the comparator used.

template<typename Policy, typename InputIt1, typename InputIt2, typename OutputIt,
    typename Comparator =
        std::less<typename std::iterator_traits<InputIt>::value_type>>
OutputIt
upper_bound(Policy&& policy, InputIt1 start, InputIt1 end,
    InputIt2 value_first, InputIt2 value_last, OutputIterator result,
    Comparator comp =
        std::less<typename std::iterator_traits<InputIt1>::value_type>());

oneapi::dpl::upper_bound performs a binary search over the data in [start, end) for each value in [value_first, value_last) to find the highest index at which the search value could be inserted in [start, end) without violating the ordering defined by the comparator provided. That highest index is then assigned to the corresponding element in [result, result + distance(value_first, value_last)).

If no comparator is provided, operator< is used to determine when the search value is less than an element in the range being searched.

The elements e of [start, end) must be partitioned with respect to the comparator used.